A new contribution to the debate on the evolution of European employment and social models. These models need to adjust to meet new challenges, including globalization, ageing societies, and new governance approaches at national, EU and international level. This book explores these issues through the experiences of nine EU countries.
Parts are commonly used in making, repairing or maintaining consumer or industry products. Parts could be purchased or manufactured by a business enterprise. Advance models were applied to parts operations for manufacturers of transport refrigeration equipment and high-pressure positive displacement plunger pumps. Both companies have an established network of dealers for sales and service of equipment and parts. A number of areas in the parts business operation were researched which show the potential for improved operational efficiency and customer service that increase market share when advanced process models were used to integrate the supply chain. This book covers the subject of parts management through: (1) an introduction to areas of parts business operation with potential for substantial improvements and overview of various models proposed in Chapter 1; (2) quantitative effects on customer service level of inventory miscount and lead time variability and methods to reduce these factors in Chapter 2; (3) optimal division of items based on economics within a two-level distribution system; which items should be serviced through dealers and which items directly by the company to end-customers in Chapters; (4) optimal ordering procedures for a multi-item common supplier system with either constant or random demand rates for various items in Chapter 4; Vll viii Parts Management Models and Applications (5) attribute based classification scheme to promote standardization of design and manufacturing techniques for expediting product development and control design proliferation in Chapters 5 and 6; (6) knowledge base management to enhance manufacturing operations effectiveness in Chapter 7;
A theoretical and empirical contribution to the quest for sustainability and environmental quality. The book examines the physical and economic aspects of flows of materials and products, as well as the policies and strategies designed to reduce the related resource depletion and environmental pollution. The `material-product chain' concept forms a general framework, defined as a system of linked flows of materials and products that support the provision of a certain service. Various economic models of material-product chains are studied, both theoretical and applied, such as static optimisation, dynamic simulation and general equilibrium models. Applications to metals, rain gutters and window frames are described.
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