As the title suggests the book is intended to help teachers and pupils create clay models which do not fall apart. Provided are basic skills and techniques applicable to all successful clay modelling exercises and strategies to help clay figures remain intact. Also included is a sample project designed to cover the majority of the skills and strategies discussed. Enjoy your clay modelling.
Since its inception, just after the Second World War, human factors research has paid special attention to the issues surrounding human control of systems. Command and control environments continue to represent a challenging domain for human factors research. Modelling Command and Control takes a broad view of command and control research, to include C2 (command and control), C3 (command, control and communication), and C4 (command, control, communication and computers) as well as human supervisory control paradigms. The book presents case studies in diverse military applications (e.g. land, sea and air) of command and control. While the domains of application are very different, many of the challenges they face share interesting similarities.Modelling Command and Control will explore some of the differences and similarities in the land, sea and air domains. The book begins with an overview of human factors issues for command and control. These issues include theoretical and methodological developments, approaches to system and interface design, workload and situation awareness. The book places the role of humans as central and distinct from other aspects of the system. Therefore, although there is an over-arching conception of command and control 'systems', the focus of the book is to consider the peculiarities of the roles adopted by humans. There is a call for a socio-technical approach to the command and control research, by which both social and technical domains are treated with equal importance. This book demonstrates how the social and technical domains interact in the extensive case study material.
Geophysics, or physics modelling of geological phenomena, is as old and as - tablished as geoscience itself. The statistical physics modelling of various g- physical phenomena, earthquake in particular, is comparatively recent. This bookintendstocovertheserecentdevelopmentsinmodellingvariousgeoph- ical phenomena, including the imposing classic phenomenon of earthquakes, employing various statistical physical ideas and techniques. This ?rst book on statistical physics modelling of geophysical phenomena contains extensive - viewsbyalmostalltheleadingexpertsinthe?eldandshouldbewidelyuseful to the graduate students and researchers in geoscience and statistical physics. It grew out of the lecture notes from a workshop on "Models of Earthquakes: Physics Approaches", held in Saha Institute of Nuclear Physics, Kolkata, - der the auspices of its Centre for Applied Mathematics and Computational Science in December 2005. The book is divided in four parts. In the ?rst part, tutorial materials are introduced. Chakrabarti introduces the fracture nucleation processes, their (extreme) statistics in disordered solids, in ?bre bundle models and in the two fractal overlap models of earthquakes. In the next two chapters, Hemmer et al. and Kun et al. review the avalanche or quake statistics and the bre- ing dynamics in simple (mean-?eld like) ?bre bundle models and in their extended versions, respectively. Hansen and Mathiesen discuss the scale - variance properties of the random and fractured surfaces.
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